"A standing military force, with an overgrown Executive will not long be safe companions to liberty. The means of defense against foreign danger have been always the instruments of tyranny at home. Among the Romans it was a standing maxim to excite a war, whenever a revolt was apprehended. Throughout all Europe, the armies kept up under the pretense of defending, have enslaved the people."
- James Madison, speech at the Constitutional Convention, June 29, 1787
"Of all the enemies to public liberty war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. War is the parent of armies; from these proceed debts and taxes; and armies, and debts, and taxes are the known instruments for bringing the many under the domination of the few. In war, too, the discretionary power of the Executive is extended; its influence in dealing out offices, honors, and emoluments is multiplied; and all the means of seducing the minds, are added to those of subduing the force, of the people.
"The same malignant aspect in republicanism may be traced in the inequality of fortunes, and the opportunities of fraud, growing out of a state of war, and in the degeneracy of manners and of morals, engendered by both. No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare."
-JM "Political Observations" April 20, 1795
Here's my remembrance of James Madison from March 2010 which contains a link to his natal chart. Born March 16, 1751 (NS), James Madison has a brilliant Mercury/Uranus conjunction in Aquarius and Mars @ 11Cap49 which is being transited as I type by the North Node of the Moon, a point of public contact or encounter.
Ah yes, Mars exalted in Capricorn: ruled by cautious Saturn, this placement for fiery Mars gives its native an ability to focus energy in the most efficient manner possible, a constructive way of doing things, and much circumspection before action is taken by way of preconceived plans. Jimmy would never have rushed America into war, based on lies or otherwise.
Mr. Madison not only knew better, he cared better for our nation.
(And you may as well know that I am unabashedly partial to former first lady Dolley Madison, too. She wasn't simply stylish in her day - she showed spunk under fire on behalf of America!)
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