, pub-4599738212880558, DIRECT, f08c47fec0942fa0, pub-4599738212880558, DIRECT, f08c47fec0942fa0

Aug 13, 2011

Horoscope: a sinister Solar Eclipse 2Sag37 Nov 25, 2011

Solar Eclipse November 25, 2011: A Peculiar Turn of Events

by Jude Cowell

A Solar Eclipse in early Sagittarius, fiery sign of The Seeker, occurs in Washington DC on November 25, 2011 at 1:09:36 am est during an Hour of the Moon (fluctuations, changes, and unstable conditions in Mutable Sagittarius.) Lord of the eclipse is Jupiter through the Jolly One's rulership of Sag, but Mercury Rx is chart-ruler through the Ascendant (ASC) 21Virgo17. Mercury also rules this Midheaven and US natal Mars and Uranus. Gold-loving MIDAS and Pan (panic, panorama, pan-hellenic, pan-American, panacea) continue traveling in tandem with US natal Uranus 8Gem55, here in 9th house of Philosophy, Religion, and the Justice System (what little of one we still have.)

This Solar Eclipse falls in the 14 North Saros Series, details below. A 14N eclipse last occurred in 1993 @ '22Sco', the year of the Great Conjunction/s of NWO planets, Uranus and Neptune, which conjoined during the Age of Reason (aka, The Enlightenment.) Their cycle is approximately *171 years long.

Both horoscopes shown below (which are the same eclipse, differently marked by yours truly) reveal Fixed Star Denebola rising, keywords: to go against society; out of the mainstream--this is VP Joe Biden's natal Midheaven (MC) degree/star; our VP is an avowed 'Zionist' and seems to be proud to acknowledge it. Does a Zionist stance in America 'go against society'? I believe it does for those who desire a sovereign America that doesn't spend all its money on war while we-the-people go without the basics of life as our society crumbles around our ears. If the power elite's plan wasn't clear before 2011, it should be now, even to the politically apathetic.

The Mercury/MC midpoint is rising as well: Mercury/MC = ASC: propagating one's opinions which influence the environment; thinking/writing that spur advancement or growth. Mercury, ruled here by idealistic guru and money man Jupiter, has a 'grand plans' connotation. And if we place US natal Mars in the equation in the MC's stead, we get another picture for Nov 23, 2011 which lasts the life of this eclipse's influence:

Eclipse Mercury/US n Mars = ASC: stormy or turbulent proceedings.

Yes, our warring US natal Mars in duplicitous Gemini tops the chart at MC (Goals; Aspirations) which makes the US military and our government's actions 'most seen' in the wider world. In fact, the misguided energy/idealistic motivations/veiled or confused motivations of our natal Mars/Neptune square is front and center, with natal Neptune 22Vir25 first US planet to rise in this chart putting our unfortunately misdirected square at two Angles, ASC (WHAT?) and MC (WHY?)

Are more military invasions for deceptive reasons on the Pentagon's drawing board? This chart indicates Yes, or perhaps only dealing with the wars we've already forced upon other nations, wars which are not going as well as Washington would have us believe. Yet since eclipses tend to reveal hidden things and once-secret crimes or scandals, this fact may become even more evident as the 14 North eclipse season grinds on into 2012.

Another thing about Mars square Neptune: there's difficulty facing reality (see 14N info below.) Sinister, subversive forces can gain control which this eclipse's Mars working behind the scenes in the 12th H of Politics and Secret Deals describes. Conjoining the president's Pluto, what deals will be made? Is Obama's physical safety in question? He's a US president with enemies, so it always is. And he's half black, a fact that some just can't get over.

Yes, a Mars/Neptune square is compelled to blame others when things go wrong in an attempt to divert criticism. Sound like any nation you know?

Note: America's natal Neptune in Virgo, sign of Work and Health, has always been an unstable placement indicating idealistic yet dissolving work, employment, and health conditions. Notice that in the US, health insurance is primarily attached to employment, a linkage in process of being jettisoned for financial reasons.

And the US-FDA barely performs its role of protecting our health as its budget twists upon Congress's conservative chopping block and corporations defy regulations that affect their almighty profits, the health of Americans be dam*ed.

First displayed is a skimmed-down version of the chart with a few details not included in the text below: hemispheric emphasis (Self/Other is balanced; emphasis on Private over Public sector, including the eclipse in 3rd house), asteroid Hera Rx (keeping accounts, bringing to account, or balancing accounts, legalities or legal partnerships) conjoins the Solar Eclipse 9Can12 of July 1, 2011 in this chart's 10th house (Public Standing) which has direly affected the US natal Sun/Jupiter conjunction (5-14 Cancer; plus, US Sun conjuncts Fixed Star SIRIUS: the mundane becomes sacred; the fire of immortality.) But these days, America doesn't seem so immortal after all with attacks coming from without and--worst of all--from within.

Then there's America's Pre-Natal Eclipse (PE) degree 00Pis33, here in 6th house of Work, Health, Military and Police Services, which has been crossed and re-crossed recently by both dissolving Neptune and wounding/spiritualizing Chiron.

America's PE 00Pis33 (12 South Series) repeated last on July 11, 2010 @ '19Cancer' which conjoined Fixed Star Castor (pos: to write or create; neg: murder; crippling of limbs; loss (A. Louis.) This one @ '19Can' eclipsed the UK's natal Moon, the people. Then the Solar Ecl of July 1, 2011--the one in force as I type, eclipsed UK natal Sun, leadership, and we lament the UK's violent troubles now.) 12S = 'successful outcomes to long term worries' (this eclipse timed the capping of the Deepwater Horizon Blowout in mid-July 2010); 'issues at first seem worse, then clear,' - Brady.

The Flywheel of the Universe: Jupiter v Saturn

The Jupiter/Saturn pair of societal planets--one expands, one constricts and the tension keeps our solar system's planets in their courses...yin-yang!--hold prominent roles in the eclipse chart with a stand-off across its 2/8 money-values axis as our debt, economic, and austerity issues--stirred up more than improved by political gamesmanship--continue. Jupiter 1Tau57 is Rx, and Saturn in balancing Libra is conjoined by asteroid Hopi, keywords: ambush or prejudice. Yes, I do hope the work of the un-Constitutional 'Super Congress' improves US financial and societal conditions but I'm not holding my breath...

Ex: eclipse Saturn conjoins Fixed Star Arcturus (Alpha Bootes, a pathfinder; a leader who protects people as they embrace a new lifestyle (-Brady.) A 'new lifestyle' of want, loss, and need caused by others' greed, it seems. Can the much-touted, totalitarian, sucky 'New World Order' be nearly upon us?

Jupiter and Saturn here, plus the date of the eclipse, indicate the November eclipse's timely connection to the deadline of the 'Super Congress' recommendations on November 23, 2011. Since this eclipse occurs on November 25, it falls too close in time/date to be uninvolved in these super-external financial deliberations of a US Congress which now vacates once again their oversight duties laid out in the Constitution.

Now here is the second version of the Nov 23, 2011 Solar Eclipse chart with my usual loaded application of details added. Artists can be so messy, yes? Well, don't place a pen or pencil near me unless you want this sort of thing to happen!

Click either chart to enlarge. A few details appear on both charts.

As you see, activist Mars 6Vir47 is working busily in the behind-the-scenes 12th H of Politics, Secret Deals, and Hidden Enemies--and 'he' conjoins President Obama's natal Pluto, a transit for him indicating a time to be forceful, purposeful, and more focused. There's a need for patience and concentrated efforts yet jealousy, revenge, and danger are part of the scene. Something the president was karmically meant to do comes along; imperative is evaluating investments ("invest in America!", he says but will he be able to with so much opposition from a GOP intent on his--and our--failure?), and investigating a mystery may also indicated. Will 'leaks' confuse issues even further and contribute to America's slow recovery?

An Earth Grand Trine--But in Houses of Water: 4, 8, 12

Well, if leaks occur, they will probably tie into financial and political concerns since Mars is involved in an Earth Grand Trine pattern with 8th H Jupiter Rx in money-loving Taurus (the Bull of Wall Street), and powerful, subversive Pluto, now destructuring all institutions and systems of the Saturnian kind (Capricorn, sign of Government, Law, and Business.)

Evaluating Venus 28Sag26 nears Pluto in 4th H of Real Estate, Homeland, and Finalities across the Security axis (4/10) with Venus conjoining Fixed Star Acumen (enduring attacks which weaken--not a good portent for the US housing foreclosure mess which will continue well into 2013 or even 2014.

Now Grand Trines in materialistic Earth signs usually provide a calming, comforting, soothing energy for it prefers to preserve the status quo (here, the system of Capitalism?) Earth Trines tend to attract resources and do not respond well to drastic, critical life changes (beware 'Super Congress' recommendations and the automatic "trigger"!)

Tangible support and worldly position are offered by an Earth Grand Trine if resources are skillfully managed--but as we know, this has not been the case by the US government, the over-extended, tapped-out American public, or by the fraud-infused global banking industry--unless you happen to be a member of the power elite of such organizations. Of course, if they manage to crash the world economy as they seem intent on doing, their money will be worthless, too, until the next currency is set up, a plan already on-tap, I suspect. ('Amero'? Watch the brief video at the end of this post.)

So the Mars-Jupiter-Pluto trio plod on, focused upon goals, and inspired by a dynamic vision (Utopians!) of an ideal structure which most of us feel is debasing our nation. Yes, the losses of Financial Collapse 2008 undermined what little confidence in government's good intentions we may have felt (as NWO creeps intended), and events of 2011 have not improved our negative outlook about the US government's ability--or, some say, desire--to bolster our society, and place we-the-people's needs over corporations' bottom lines, have they? (See Cupido in 12th H--corporations, The Family (Doug Coe?), The Syndicate, including the global Organized Crime network which some have called, The Octopus.

There's a Uranian Planet named Cupido, too--here, conjunct Mercury Rx and the IC...The Drain (see 14N info below: 'draining of energy'--the power grid?)

And though Earth Grand Trines can sense their own power and strength, the usual oh good! feeling most astrologers get when a Grand Trine of opportunity is present in a horoscope, is here tamped down by the reality of difficult conditions caused by the extreme inequality of income in this country (though Britain rivals the US in income imbalance which pushes The People's backs against walls of austerity in both our nations. Austere Saturn is posited in a money house (2nd) with evaluator Venus ruling; Venus also rules the 9th H of Philosophy and Foreign Lands such as America's Biggest Creditor, China. Plus, restrictive Saturn rules the 5th H of Risk-Taking and Gambling.)

In 7th H of Open Enemies, Legal Affairs, and Partnerships, is Utopian rebel Uranus in Mars-ruled Aries, conjoining US natal IC, as mentioned above. Utopianism is now in America's 'house'! Trickster, magician, and alchemist Hermes continues hanging about in transit with Uranus, planet of revolution, liberation, and disruption: strikes, protests, and sit-ins (indicating peaceful demonstrations, hopefully, the only way to best the armed shock troops already being sent out to control us with their Darth Vader looks.)

As mentioned above, explosions cannot be ruled out especially with activist Mars in the secretive 12th H squaring the Solar Eclipse--and Uranus helpfully trines the eclipse as nebulous, deceptive Neptune squares it as well. Difficult aspects tend to block an eclipse's more positive expressions though dynamic energies of a square can also stimulate action. Mars opposed Chiron which brings in the sacred warrior energy though its ideals and guiding light are not guarnteed to be fact-based.

So with testy Mars ruling 8th H of Debt, Credit, and Big Business--and Jupiter Rx posited there and ruling 4th H of Real Estate where Pluto resides, and Pluto as co-ruler of the 3rd H of Neighborhoods and Communications, I see the Earth Grand trio of planets in the closed circuit of energy of the Trine representing the 'Super Congress' (aka, 'Super Committee') which the US Congress has brazenly set up to deal with problems they wish to avoid taking the heat for as austerity of a 2nd H (Money; Worth Issues) Saturn 25Lib07 opposes Jupiter in greedy Taurus, intolerant of the poor whose threadbare benefits it wishes to cut.

In 6th H of Work and Health, Neptune 28AQ12 Rx has re-entered Aquarius and moved closer once again to US natal Moon (we-the-people) which continues this difficult transit for America with its 'sense of inferiority, rootlessness, homelessness, and loss as fraud (Neptune) is visited upon (by transit) the American people (Moon.) Neptune represents the fraudsters, banksters, and the media in collusion against the working class and all those in need who are disenfranchised by larger forces.

As you know, disappointment, despair, and uncertainty have trailed in Neptune's oceanic wake--including disappointment with President Obama's failure to uphold the value of protecting the Middle and Working classes--shown astrologically by his natal Mars (motivation, desire, action, energy) precisely conjoining US n Neptune, a tenuous connection. This astro-link is one I groused upon in posts many times before and after Mr. Obama entered the White House! "Few if any in Washington will cooperate with him if he intends to 'help' us", I blogged. Well, do they?

Chart-ruler Mercury Rx 20Sag03 Conjoins IC

Now ordinarily I would begin such a horoscope analysis by listing any applying aspects made by the chart-ruler but that isn't necessary with this Solar Eclipse chart because there are none. This emphasizes the sign and house placement of Mercury, and its retrograde condition. A Rx chart-ruler indicates delays, shortcomings, and limiting conditions and events which interfere.

Mercury conjunct IC portends more American moving in with relatives (Rx = moving back in with parents, or parents with kids!), and/or the home being used for study, work, and communications--aka, working from home. Mercury, planet of young people, oration, contracts, negotiations, news, commerce, trade, and thinking processes, is in its detriment in Sagittarius, and denotes those who are concerned with attitudes rather than facts, and with codifications of social thought in religion, higher education, law, and philosophy. The 'Super Congress' comes to mind.

Plus, conjoining the 3rd cusp 16Sco57, you see asteroid Atlantis (a stand-in for America, a nation founded as the Utopian vision/dream/ideal of a 'New Atlantis' in the New World--ripe for the plundering of natural resources) with Atlantis's keywords, abuse of power; where we feel doomed, which intimately relates to the legend of Atlantis, the Lost Continent.

Note: this posting was interrupted on Saturday by a lightening storm--the following is my completion of this article. Your on-topic comments are invited, as always but be advised that All Spam will be moderated and deleted so don't waste your time on that.

UPDATE 8.15.11: back today, Monday, to continue this article for you!

Let's look at the 14 North Saros Series itself. To get a better idea of its potential influence, I shall quote directly from the excellent Bernadette Brady's book Predictive Astrology, my italics:

"A most peculiar eclipse family heralding an acute time of confusion in personal relationships, unexpected happenings in financial matters, and possible illness. Unrequited love, despair, confusion, a draining of energy, a peculiar turn of events. No important decisions should be made concerning incoming events as there is too much confusion and possible delusion to make clear judgments."

14N has manifested in the years 1903, 1921, 1939, 1957, 1975, 1993, (Nov 2011), and will next occur in 2029. Its initial eclipse occurred on April 29, 1074 (OS) @ 13Tau54 (our US inaugural ASC each January 20th at noon, DC) with Venus @ 4Ari57 which is the position of Uranus now (Venus/Uranus = extravagant or erratic with money!) America's PE 00Pis33 in 1776 (which our nation carries as a permanent part of national identity) has testy Mars 00Pis30 upon it.

A Muddy Saturn/Neptune Vibe

There's a Saturn/Neptune opposition in the initial eclipse chart of 1074 which denotes a natural distrust of competitors and irrational fears of failure which cause a retreat from competition (stock market? jc); this creates a vicious circle or self-fulfilling prophecy of failure, and when finding others deceitful, some use this as justification for acting deceitfully, too.

Financial loss and great difficulty facing reality are prevalent.

Well, you may not agree that an initial eclipse in a Saros Series can still have meaning centuries later but I believe the Saturn/Neptune opposition speaks directly to what's going on in 2011. Can you feel it?

Now what else may we expect from the November 25, 2011 eclipse? Since it's ruled by Jupiter, then Jupiter-ruled and 9th house matters will be uppermost for the revelations and events it portends. Long distance travel (including that of President Obama), religion, philosophy, higher education, and the legal system are key areas for the revelations and events. Transportation, transport workers, banking (of course!), and the extension of US power into the world are on tap, as noted, supported by US Mars at MC.

Will one revelation concern crimes and zealousness of the US military (Mars in 12th H conjunct Mr. Obama's Pluto)? Surveillance scandals? 12th house matters such as hospitals, prisons, and grand reforms ('Super Congress' recommendations due November 23, 2011) are on the eclipse agenda. Yes, death, as previously noted, is somewhere lurking, for a noble, monarchist, or a head of state, with scandals on the rise!

Plus, the 3rd house position of the eclipse @ 2Sag37 indicates worker discontent, potential accidents, and possible strikes, protests, and...hate to say it, but riots may turn up. Also of note is that the Nov eclipse opposes President Obama's natal Moon in Gemini which relates personally to him, his wife, and family though it may be only that emotions (Moon) are stirred up.

The 14N eclipse @ 2Sag37 triggers a few natal planets worth noting:

NYC (Uranus 1Sag42), the White House (2Sag11), NASA (Mars 1Gem58), Roswell NM (Moon 00Sag04 and Mars 2Sag13); also, Afghanistan (Neptune 4Sag55 Rx), Australia (NN 29Sco50), China (Chiron 5Sag29), Mexico (Jupiter 1Gem23), France (Mercury 00Sag08 and Venus 2Sag23 Rx), and North Korea (Moon 2Sag17.) I'm certain there are more triggerings but these are what I have in my files.

As for the US horoscope, the December 20, 2011 Lunar Eclipse @ 18Gem11 conjoins US natal Mars and this chart's Midheaven which indicates a watershed time for the effects of the November 25 Solar Eclipse eclipse and is probably when most of the scandals and crimes will be revealed--on or about December 10th by the light of the Full Moon.

November 25, 2011 Solar Eclipse Midpoint Pictures

Still in effect will be the speculator-wastrel pair's midpoint with disruptive Uranus in Aries at apex. As always, any, all, or none may apply:

Jupiter/Neptune = Uranus: coming down to earth with a bump; imagination v reality; sudden recogntion of a difficult situation.

And the eclipse itself is at apex of--you guessed it--the Mars/Neptune midpoint....

Mars/Neptune = Sun: discontent; weakness; an undermining of health (well, for one thing, we know radiation is doing that-jc); danger of infection; dissolution of a body.

Mars/Neptune = Moon: crooks; nervous weakness; feeling inferior; danger of infection.

Sun/Pluto = (unaspected = detached) Mercury: consciousness of aim or objectives; organization; prudence; aspiring to intellectual supremacy; an orator with suggestive powers.

Moon/Pluto = Mercury: special far-reaching plans; pursuit of comprehensive ideals with great zeal; public speeches or writings that wield great influence ('Super Congress'? A rising dictator? Other? jc)

Mercury/Pluto = Venus: a ruthless desire to control others.

Mars/NN = Saturn: disadvantages through unions or associations; teamwork that is rendered more difficult as time goes on ('Super Committee'> jc); separation or a case of death. (All pictures from R. Ebertin.)

Another word about the unaspected Mercury 20Sag03 Rx sitting precisely on the IC, the Foundation and Basis of the Matter: its Sabian Symbol for '21Sag' - EXAMINATION seems to me to relate directly and unfortunately to the 'Super Congress' and its report (Mercury) due November 23rd--and the degree's negative expression of "distorted vision" and for the purpose of grasping power (Sun-Pluto).

No, not everyone is impressed by Utopian Uranus-in-Aries's vision of global domination and totalitarian control. Plus, the Jupiter/Saturn opposition across the Money axis of this chart echoes their Conjunction of May 2000 @ '23Tau': "A Jewelry Shop Filled with Magnificent Gems"--the ones they've stolen from the US Treasury and the people's pockets and pensions, turns out.

And remember that the eclipse's "peculiar turn of events" vibe can well describe the unprecedented set up (staging) of a 'Super Congress' as if our regular government just can't handle current problems!

Meanwhile, the practical Earth Grand Trine, closed circuit energy as it is, links the high stakes planetary trio as mentioned above, with subversive, wealthy Pluto conjoining asteroid Panacea, something that seems an improvement yet does little actual good. It's all in the mind! Yet money planets Venus and Jupiter in an opportunistic trine (120 degrees) are in Mutual Reception and thus support one another in their efforts.

Now will this medicine be what we-the-people need from a power elite who buy off our Congress with fat donations and other considerations? I don't think so, though perhaps decent reform may be instituted to aid the struggling Real Estate market (Venus in 4th H, Jupiter in 8th. This would be a harmonious and welcome change which we may experience more fully once Jupiter resumes direct motion and releases some of his wealth. However, the ourrageous Republican 'Trickle Down Economics' won't work as it hasn't all along. Eight years of Bush-Cheney should be enough to convince anyone of that. And here we are.)

So shall I leave it for you to decide for yourself if the 'Super Congress' medicine is efficacious as November nears and the ASC's negative expression ('22Vir') makes itself known: subtle exploitation of the unwary = PREROGATIVE..."A Royal Coat of Arms."


Inspirations for this post: The Sabian Symbols in Astrology, Marc Edmund Jones; Dynamics of Aspect Analysis, Bil Tierney; The Astrologer's Handbook, Sakoian and Acker.

Please pardon any pesky typos: adding an Update to my original post does not allow a Save of Draft or spellchecking, and my eyes and fingers are quite wumped out with this much typing! jc


*The earlier Great Conjunction of scientific Uranus/Neptune occurred in mid-Sag: '16Sag' = "Sea Gulls Watching a Ship" = ALERTNESS, negative: aimless expectation. Their 1993 conj/s were at or about '18Cap' = "The Union Jack Flies on a British Destroyer' = POLITICAL POWER, negative expression: smug or strong-armed paternalism; the conj of Oct 24, 1993 times a modern natal chart for the NWO.

Through the Sabian Symbols of two eras, we see how NWO promoters have sharply focused themselves in time for Year 2012. (The Sabian Symbols in Astrology, Jones, and Solar Fire software.) Yet I do believe that the Rothschilds of Europe and the Rockefellers of the US have much to answer for in the sweet bye-n-bye, and for now, should be identified and prosecuted for crimes against humanity (Denebola rising!) along with all enablers and colluders of the satanic persuasion, and with regular citizens serving on the jury--if we could catch the elusive reptiles.

NAU = North American Union of America, Mexico, and Canada:


Theodore White said...

Excellent mundane analysis Jude. This November's transits are quite packed indeed, and I love how the artist in the astrologer works by hand. Only way to truly learn how to read mundane world transits.

Would like to republish on GA the closer we get to November - an interesting late autumn into winter is just ahead wouldn't you say?

Jude Cowell said...

Hi Theo, thanks! Yes, "May you live in interesting times" is all too descriptive these days, isn't it?

And as you've predicted on your Global Astrology blog, transits from now into 2012 are very challenging to say the least, recalling 1929 & into the 1930s.

Plus, as you well know, the difference now is that global power elites have worked for decades to knit all systems into a whole cloth which will cause the collapse to be worldwide.

Well, on that bright note, I thank you kindly for reading & commenting. Tomorrow I will complete this sinister eclipse post and search for something harmonious to add. Jude

Alex said...

Hi Jude,

Your column sheds important light on the UR/NE connection to Age Reason, the conjunction in 1993 UR/NE (which you've written about forever and evoked my first email to you way back when) and the eclipse series embodied by November 25th @02Sagittarius.

The influence of organized, political, wealthy elite can be seen in the travails, attempts in the long history of US presidential initiatives to expand access for health care to all Americans.

It became less of a hidden activity (12 house) with passage of Affordable Health Care Bill and its debate, which continues as a major slice of monied private and corporate interests working with the opposition to President Obama's campaign for a second term.

---Mars 6Vir47 is working in behind-the-scenes 12th H of Politics, Secret Deals, and Hidden Enemies and conjoins President Obama's natal Pluto.

In 6th H of Work and Health, Neptune 28AQ12 Rx has re-entered Aquarius and moved closer once again to US natal Moon which continues this difficult transit for America.

Neptune represents those in collusion against the working class and all those in need who are disenfranchised by larger forces.

Rough history: before WWII, during WWII, Truman after WWII in 1947, LBJ in 60's, Clinton in 90's, Obama - - US attempts at giving it's citizens the right to health care.

Employer-sponsored health insurance plans dramatically expanded as a result of wage controls during World War II.

Federally imposed wage and price controls prohibited manufacturers and other employers raising wages high enough to attract sufficient workers.

When the War Labor Board declared that fringe benefits, such as sick leave and health insurance, did not count as wages for the purpose of wage controls, employers responded with significantly increased benefits.


Taxes and controls: Federal tax policy was highly contentious during the war, with President Franklin D. Roosevelt battling a conservative Congress.


The term socialized medicine was first widely used in the United States by advocates of the American Medical Association in opposition to President Harry S. Truman's 1947 health-care initiative.


Jonathan Oberlander, a professor of health policy at the University of North Carolina, maintains that the term socialized medicine does not mean anything at all. Exact definitions vary, but the term refers to any system of medical care that is publicly financed and government administered. If the system of care is publicly financed and privately delivered, it is called a single-payer system. This is what Canada has.

The original meaning was confined to systems in which the government operates health care facilities and employs health care professionals. This narrower usage would apply to the British National Health Service hospital trusts and health systems that operate in other countries as diverse as Finland, Spain, Israel, and Cuba. The United States' Veterans Health Administration, and the medical departments of the US Army, Navy, and Air Force would also fall under this narrow definition. in care delivery.

T.R. Reid, (2009) The Healing of America: A Global Quest for Better, Cheaper, and Fairer Health Care

Best Wishes,